Which health endpoints accrue medical expenses or lost earnings for multiple years, and
how do I discount them?
BenMAP includes health and valuation functions for several chronic health effects, includingPM2.5
–related chronic bronchitis and non-fatal acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs, or heart attacks).
Technically, AMIs are discrete, acute events, not chronic conditions. However, heart attacks
cause chronic follow-up health effects that accrue medical expenses over time, similar to chronic
conditions. You can discount the economic value of these chronic effects through the valuation
function in BenMAP. Chronic bronchitis is assumed to last from the initial onset of the illness
throughout the rest of the individual’s life. BenMAP currently includes one WTP function as well
as two COI functions representing the two discount rates for chronic bronchitis. AMIs are
assumed to accrue costs over five years. Although WTP functions for AMIs are not available,
BenMAP currently includes several COI functions that incorporate the direct medical costs and
the opportunity cost (lost earnings) for specific age groups at two discount rates. See Appendix I
for details on the discounting assumptions within the valuation functions.
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castellano: DISPER CUSTIC DESCAR RADIA italiano:
deutsch: DIS CUS DES RAD
castellano: DIS CUS DES RAD english: DIS CUS DES RAD
português: DIS CUS DES RAD italiano: DIS CUS DES RAD
français: DIS CUS DES RAD