Contingent valuation. A survey-based economic technique for the valuation of non-market

resources, such as environmental preservation or avoidance of air pollution health risk.

Control scenario. In a modeling study, this is a sensitivity scenario in which emissions from one

or more source sectors are changed (increased or decreased), from a given “baseline scenario”.

The subsequent modified emissions are then used within an air quality model to derive new

ambient concentrations. Control scenarios are used to assess the efficacy of proposed emissions

controls for sources of pollution.

Cost of Illness (COI). The cost of illness includes the direct medical costs and lost earnings

associated with illness. These estimates generally understate the true value of reductions in risk

of a health effect, as they include just the direct expenditures related to treatment and lost

earnings, but not the value of avoided pain and suffering from the health effect.

C-R Function. See Concentration-Response (C-R) Function.

Currency year. The value of the dollar based on the year specified. Typically, you would adjust

the valuation estimate to a consistent currency year. For example, you might want to report the

valuation estimate in 2000 dollars to make it easier to compare with your cost analysis, which

uses that same currency year.

Custom analysis. This type of BenMAP



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