The cost for lack of action includes the cost for existing damages. The cost for lack of
action are, in principles the benefits foregone or the benefits that could have been
obtained, if action was undertaken. These benefits could consist of decreased
morbidity, i.e. respiratory illness, and reductions in the damage to buildings and
ecosystems. These also include an estimate of the situation if no actions are taken, i.e.
business as usual. The development of the economy necessitates increases in traffic,
transport, energy use, industrial production etc..
The costs of NO2 damage to health and the environment are more difficult to estimate
than e.g. the costs associated with SO2 effects on materials and crop loss due to O3
exposure. This is due to the fact that NO2 effects have been difficult to separate from
effects due to SO2 and O3.
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castellano: DISPER CUSTIC DESCAR RADIA italiano:
deutsch: DIS CUS DES RAD
castellano: DIS CUS DES RAD english: DIS CUS DES RAD
português: DIS CUS DES RAD italiano: DIS CUS DES RAD
français: DIS CUS DES RAD