Reduction of NOx emissions will be achieved by measures already planned or decided.

One recent study - Energy 2020 suggests that as a result of current EU and national

legislation NOx emissions in the EU-15 will drop by 20% in the year 2000 and by

33% in the year 2010 (Capros et al., 1995) (compared to 1990). This is based on

economic growth and traffic volume assumptions in the conventional wisdom

scenario. A second study indicates that with current legislation, including the

proposed EU Directive on off-road vehicles as well as current national reduction plans

(the mild scenario), NOx emissions might fall by around 30% in the year 2010

(compared to 1990). NOx emissions from non EU-countries in Europe are expected to

drop by roughly 10% over the 1990 levels in the year 2010 (Commissions Services,

1995). Further planned EU legislation might reduce NOx emissions by 53% in the year

2010. According to a third study current legislation might be sufficient to reduce NOx

emissions by 47% in the year 2010 (Cofala et al., 1995). The different results of these

studies arise from differences in energy demand, transport forecast and pollution

control implementation assumptions.

 

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